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Full text of "The last will and testament of Gen. George Washington"

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^^e/i, ^eorae yyamlnaton. 


Sold at their Printing-Offices. , 

FEB. 1800. 



P 4 




WILL, &c. 


I GEORGE WASHINGTON, of Mount Vernon, 
a Citizen of the United States ^ and lately Prejident of the 
fame, DO make, ordain, and declare this Inftrument, which 
% written with my own Hand,* and every page thereof 
fubfcribed with my Name, to be my iaft WILL and TES- 
TAMENT, revoking all others. Imprimus. All my 

debts, of which there are but few, and none of magnitvide, 
are to be pundually and fpeedily paid, and the Legacies 
herein after bequeathed, are to be difcharged as foon as cir- 
cumftances will permit, and in the manner dir^^ed. 

Item. To my dearly beloved Wife, Martha Wajhlngton, 
I give and bequeath the ufe, profit, and benefit of my whole 
Eftate, real and perfonal, for the term of her natural life, 
except fuch parts thereof as are fpecially difpofed of hereaf- 
ter. — My improved Lot, in the town of Alexandria, fitua- 
ted on Pitt and Cameron ftreets, I give to her and her 
heirs forever ; as I alfo do my Houfehold and Kitchen 
Furniture, of every fort and kind, with the Liquors and 
Groceries which may be on hand at the time of my deceafe, 
to be ufed and difpofed of as fhe may think proper. 

Item* Upon the deceafe of my Wife, it is ray will and de- 
fire, that all the Slaves which I hold in my own right fhall 
receive their freedom. To emancipate them during her 
life, would, though earneftly wifhed by rne, be attended 
with fuch infuperable difficulties, on account of their inter- 
mixture by marriages with the dower Negroes, as to excite 
the mod painful fenfations, if not difagreeable confequences 

* In the original manufcrlpt, George WAS«iNCTON*sname was 
written at the bottom of evevy page. 



from the latter, while both defcrlptions are In the occupancy 
cf the fame proprietor ; it not being in ray power, under the 
tenure by which the dower Negroes are held, to manumit 
them. And'-jDhereas., among thofe who will receive freedom 
according to this devife, there may be fome, who from old 
age or bodily infirmities, and others, who, on account of 
their infancy, that will be to lupport themfelves, it is 
my will and defire, that all who come under the firfl: and 
iecond defcription, fhall be comfortably cloathcd and fed 
by my heirs, while they live ; and that fuch of the latter 
defcnption as have no parents living, or if living, arc unable 
orunwilling to provide for them, fnall be bound by the 
court until they fhall arrive at the age of twenty-Eve years j 
and in cafes where no record can be produced, whereby 
their ages can be afcertained, the judgment of the court, 
upon its own view cf the fubjed, fliall be ade-z^uate and final. 
The Negroes thus bound, are (by their mailers or miftref- 
fes) to be taught to read and write, and to be brought up to 
fome ufeful occupation, agreeably to the laws or the Com- 
raonvvealth of Virginia, providing for the fupport of orphan 
and other poor children. — And I do hereby exprefsly for- 
bid the Tale or tranfportatlon, out of the fald Commonwealth, 
of any Slave I may die pcffeiTed of, under any pretence 
whatfoever. And I do moreover, moil pointedly and mofi 
folcranly enjoin it upon my Executors hereafter named,- 
or the furvivor of them, to fee that ih'is claufe refpefiincr 
lilaves, and every part thereof, be religioufly fulfilled at the 
epoch at which it is directed to take place, without evafion,. 
negled, or delay, after the crops which may then be on the 
ground are harvefted, partlculaily as it refpedls the ared and 
infirm ; feeing that a regular and permanent fund be eitab- 
lifhed for their fupport, as long as there are fubjeics requir- 
ing it ; not trufling to the uncertain proviflon to be made by 
individuals: — /ind to my mulatto man, IViU'iam, (calling 
himfelf William Lee) I give immediate freedom, or if he 
fhould prefer it (on account of the accidents which have 
befallen him, and which have rendered him incapable of 
walking, or of any active employment) to remain in the fitu- 
atlon he now is, it ih^ll be optional In him to do fo ; in eitht-r 
cafe, however, I allov/ him an annuity of Thirty Dollars 
during his natural life, which fnall be Independent of the 
viduals and cloaths he has been accuilomed to receive, if he 
choofes the lad alternative ; but in full with his freedom, if 

[ 5 3 

ke prei«rs the firiV : and this I give him, as a terdraony oS 
my fenfe of his attachment to me, and for his faithful fer- 
vices during the RevolutioHary War, 

/tern. To the Trufhes (Governors, or by v/hatfoever 
other name they may be dehgnated) of the Academy^ in 
the town of Alsxandvia, I give and bequeatli, in trult, Four 
Thoufand Dollars, er, in other words, twenty of the Shares- 
which I hold in the Bank of Akxandria, towards the fup- 
port of a Free School, sftabliilied at,- and annexed to, tiie 
faid Academy, for the purpoie of educating focb Orphan 
Children, or the Children of fuch other poor and indigent 


aforefaid Twenty Shares I give and bequeath in perpetuity ;, 
the dividends only of which are to be drawn for, and appli- 
ed by the faid Truftees, fo^ th€ time being, for the ufes 
above mentioned ; the Stock to remain entire and untouch- 
ed, unlefs indications of £iilure of the faid Bank ihould be 
fo apparent, or a difcontinuaace tii^reof, Ihould render -i 
removal of this fund neceffary. . In either of thcfc cities^ 
the amount of the Stock here devifcd is to be vefted in fonie 
other bank, or public inilitution, whereby the intcrclt may 
with regularity and certainty be drawn?- and appiitd as': 
above : And, to preren-t mifconception, my meaning is, and 
is hereby declared to be, that thefe Twenty Shares are in^ 
lieu of, and not in addition to, the Thoufand Pounds giv- 
en by a mijQive letter fome years ago ; in confequence 
whereof, an annuity of Fifty Pounds has fince been paid- 
tpwards the fupport of this inftitution. 

Item* Whereas by a law of the Commonwealth of Vir-: 
ginia, enafted in the year 1785, the legiilature thereof was 
pleafed (as an evidence of its approbation of the fervices I 
had rendered the public, during the Revolution, and partly, 
I believe, in confideration of ray liaving fagg-iiled the vaO:^ 
advantages which the community would derive troni the 
extenfion of its inland navigation under Itgiilative patronage) 
to prefent me with One Hundred Shares, of One Hundred 
Dollars each, in the incorporated Company, eltibhlhed for 
the purpofe of extending the navigation of James River, from 
tide water to the mountains ; — and alfo with Fifty Shares 
of One Hundred Pounds fterling each, in the corporation of 
another Company likewife eflabliihed for the fimilar purpofe 

C 6 ] 

of opening 'the navigation of the river Potomack, from tide 
water to Fort Cumberland ; the acceptance of which, al- 
though the ofFcr was highly honorable and grateful to my 
feelings, was refufed, as inconfiftent with a principle which 
I had adopted, and had never departed from — Namely — 
not to receive pecuniary compenfation for any fervices I 
could render my country in its arduous flruggle with Great 
Britain for its rights ; and becaufe I had evaded fimilar prop- 
efitions from other States in the Union. Adding to this 
refufal, however, an intimation that, if it fhould be the plea- 
fure of the legiflature to permit me to appropriate the faid 
Shares to public ufesy I would receive them on thofe terms 
with due fenfibility ; and this it having confented to, i» 
flattering terms, as will appear by a fubfequent law and fun- 
dry refolutions, in the moft ample and honorable manner) — 
1 proceed after this recital, for the more correct underftand- 
ing of the cafe, to declare — That as it has always been 2 
fource of ferious regret with me, to fee the Youth of thefe 
United States fent to foreign countries for the purpofe of 
Education, often before their minds were formed, or they 
had imbibed any adequate ideas of the happinefs of their 
own ; contrading too frequently, not only habits of diffipa- 
ticMi and extravagance, but principles unfriendly to Repub- 
lican Government, and to the true and genuine liberties of 
mankind ; which, thereafter arc rarely overcome. — For 
thefe reafons, it has been my ardent wi/h, to fee a plan de- 
vifed on a liberal fcale, which would have a tendency to 
fpread fyftematic ideas through all parts of this riling Em- 
pire, thereby to do away local attachments and State preju- 
dices, as far as the nature of things would, or indeed ought to 
admit, from our National Councils. — Locking anxioufly 
forward to the accomplilhment of fo defirable an objed as 
this is, (in my eftimution) my mind has not been able to 
contemplate any plan more likely to effect the meafure, than 
the trtabliihiiicnt of a UNIVERSITY in a central part of 
the United States, to which the Youths of fortune and tal- 
ents, from all parts thereof, might be fent for the completion 
of their Education in ail the branches of polite literature j 
in arts and fciences, in acquiring knowledge in the princi- 
ples of politics and good government, and (as a matter of 
infinite importance in my judgment) by affociating with each 
other, and forming friend ihips in juvenile years, be enabled 
to free themfelves, in a proper degree, from thofe local picj- 

C 7 ] 

udices a»d habitual jealoufies, which have juf! been men- 
tioned ; and which, when carried to excefs, are never-fail- 
ing fources of difquietude to the public mind, and pregnant 
of mifchievous confequences to this country ; under thefc 
impreilions, fo fully dilated. 

Item, I give and bequeath in perpetuity the Fifty Shares 
which I hold in the Potomack Company (under the afore- 
faid ads of the legiflature of Virginia) towards the endow- 
ment of a UNIVERSITY, to be eftablifhed within the 
limits of the Diftrid: of Columbia, under the aufpices of the 
General Government, if that government fliould incline to 
extend a foftering hand towards it ; and until fuch Seminary 
is eftabliftied, and the funds arifing on thefe fhares fhall be 
required for its fupport, my further will and desire is, 
that the profit accruing therefrom fhall, whenever the divi- 
dends are made, be laid out in purchafing StocJc in the Bank 
«f Columbia, or fome other Bank, at the difcretion of my 
Executors, or by the Treafurer of the United States for the 
time being, under the diredion of Congrefs — provided that 
honorable body fliould patronize the meafure ; and the div- 
idends proceeding from the purchafe of fuch Stock, is to be 
Tefted in more Stock, and fo on, until a fum, adequate to 
the accompli/hment of the objea, is obtained ; of which I 
have not the fmalleft doubt, before many years pafs away, 
even if no aid or encouragement is given by legiflative au- 
thority, or from any other fource. 

Item, The Hundred Shares which I hold in the James 
River Company, I have given, and now confirm in perpe- 
tuity, to and for the ufe and benefit of Liberty Hall Acad- 
emy, in the county of Rockbridge, in the Commonwealth 
of Virginia. 

Item, I releafe, exonerate and difcharge the eflate of 
my deceafed Brother, Samuel Wajhtngtony from the payment 
of the money which is due to me for the land I fold to Philip 
Pendleton {lying in the county of Berkley) who afligncd the 
fame to him, the faid Samuel, who, by agreement, was to 
pay me therefor : ^nd tuhereasy by fome contrad (the pur- 
port of which was never communicated to me) between 
the faid Samuel, and his fon, Thornton tVaJbington, the lat- 
ter became pofleffed of the aforcfaid land, without any con- 
veyance having pafTed from me, either to the faid Pendleton^ 
the faid Samuel, or the faid Thornton, and without any con- 
fideration having been made, by which negle^ neither the 

C 8 3 

iegal nor equitable title has been alienated ; it refis there- 
fore with me to declare my intentions concerning the prem» 
ifes ; and thefe are to give and bequeath the faid land to 
whomfoever the faid Thornton IVa/Jmigton (who is alfo dead) 
devlfed the fame, or to his heirs forever, if he died inteflate, 
exonerating the eOate of the faid Thornton^ equally with 
that of the faid Samuel^ from pa^'^ment of the purchafe mon- 
ey, which, with intereft, agreeably to the original contra<5l 
with the faid Pendleton^ would amount to moie than a Thou- 
fand Pounds : yind whereas two other fons of my faid de- 
ceafed Brother Sam::^^ namely, George Steptoe Wq/Joington^' 
and Laivrence j^ugujl'me Wajhington, were, by the deceafe 
of thofe to whofe care they were committed, brought 
under my proteftion, and in confequence have occafioned 
advances on my part, for their education at College and 
other fchools, for their hoard, cloathing, and other in- 
cidental expcnfes, to the amount of near Five Thoufand 
Dollar^;, over and above the fums furnifhed by their eftate, 
which fum it may be inconvenient for them or their father's 
efiate to refund — I do, for thefe reafons, acquit them 
and the faid eftate from the payment thereof — my intention 
being, that all accounts between them and me, and their 
father's eftate and me, fhall ftand balanced. 

Item. The balance due to me from the eftate of Bar- 
tholome^u Dandridge^ deceafed (my Wife's brother) and 
which amounted, on the firll day of 06tober, 1795, ^o four 
hundred and twenty-five pounds (as will appear by an ac- 
count rendered by his deceafed fon, yohn DandridgCy who 
■was the ading executor of his father'^ will) I releafe and 
acquit from the payment thereof — and the Negroes (then 
thirty-three in number) formerly belonging to the faid 
edate, who were taken in execution, fold and purchafed 
in on my account, in the year (blank) and ever fince havr 
remained in the pofTeflion, and to the ufe of Mary, widow 
qf the faid Barlhclomcw Davdr'idgCy with their increafe, i' 
is my WILL and desire fiiall continue and be in her pol- 
fefTion, without paying hire, or making compenfation for 
the fame, for the time paft or to come, during her natural 
life ; at the expiration of which, I direft that all of them, 
who are forty years old and upwards, fhall receive their 
freedom ; all under that age and above fixteen, fhall ferve 
feven years, and no longer ; and ail under fixteen years^ 
fliall feive until they are twenty-five years of age, and then 

C 9 J 

be free — And to avoid difputes rerpe<5llng the ages of any 
of thefe Negroes, they are to be taken into the court of the 
county in which they refide, and the judgment thereof, in 
this relation, fhall be final, and record thereof made, which 
may be adduced as evidence at any time thereafter, if dif- 
putes fliould arife concerning the fame — And I further di- 
red, that the heirs of the faid Barthohmeiv Dandridge fhall, 
equally, fiiare the benefits ariiing from the fervices of the 
faid Negroes, according to the tenor of this devife, upon 
the deceafe of their mother. 

ftem. If Chevies Carter, who intermarried with my 
Niece, Beity Lewis, is not fufRciently fecured in the title to 
the lots he had of me, in the town of Frederickfburg, it is 
my WILL and desire that my Executors fnall make fuch 
conveyances of them as the law requires, to render it per- 

Item. To my Nephew, WiUlam Augujline Wajhrng- 
ton, and his heirs (if he fliould conceive them to be ob- 
jeds worth profecuting) a Lot in the town of Man- 
chefter (oppofite to Richmond) No. 265, drawn on my fole 
account, and alfo the tenth of one or two hundred acre lots, 
and two or three half acre lots, in the city and vicinity of 
Richmond, drawn in partnerfnip with nine others, ali in the 
Lottery of the deceafed Willmm Byrd, are given ; as is alfo 
a Lot which I purchafed of John Hood, conveyed by IVil' 
liam Willie and Samuel Gordon, Truilees of the faid jfohn 
Hood, numbered 139, in the town of Edinburgh, in the 
county of Prince George, State of Virginia. 

Item. To my Nephew, Bujhrod Wojhington, I give and; 
bequeath all the Papers in ray pofTeflion, which relate to my 
civil and military adminiflration of the affairs of this coun- 
try — I leave to him alfo, fuch of my private Papers as are 
worth preferving ; and at the deceafe of my Wife, and be- 
fore, if (he is not inclined to retain them, I give and be- 
queath my Library of Books and Pamphlets of every kind. 

Item. Having fold lands which I pofleffed in the State of 
Pennfylvania, and part of a tradl held in equal right with 
George Clinton, late governor of New York, in the State of 
New York ; my fhare of land and intereft, in the Great 
Difmal Swamp, and a tradl of land which I owned in the 
county of Gloucef^er — withholding the legal titles thereto,- 
until the confideraizion money fiiould be paid— -and \k^ViT^^ 





moreover leaft^d, and conditionally fold (us v.ll! appear by 
the tenor of the faid kafes) all my lands upon the Grear 
Kenhawa, and a traft upon Difficult kun, In the county ui 
Loudoun, it is my will and direction, that whenfoevtr 
the contrails are fully and refpectively complied with, ac- 
cording to the fpirit, true intent and meaning t;hereor, on 
the part of the purchafers, their heirs or ailigns, that then, 
and in that cafe, conveyances are to be made, agreeable to 
the terms of the faid contracts, and the money arrifing there- 
from, when paid, to be veiled ia Eauk Stock ; — the divi- 
dends whereof, as of that alio which is already vefted there- 
in, is to inure to my faid Wife during her life, but the Stock, 
itielf is to remain and be fubjed to the general diftributioa 
hereafter directed. 

liem. To the E^rl cf Buchan I recommit " the Box 
made of the Oak that flieltered the great Sir WVtliam WlU 
lace, after the Battle of Falkirk" — prefented to me by Iris 
Lordlliip, ia terms too blattering for me to repeat, with a 
requefi *' to pafs it, on the event of my deceafe, to die man 
in my country, who fhould appear to merit it bell, upon the 
fame conditions that have induced him to fend it to me.'* 
Whether eafy or not, to feled the Man who might comport 
"with his JLordfhip's opinion in this refpeft, is net for me to 
fay ; but conceiving that no difpofition of this valuable curi- 
ofity can be more eligible than the recommitment of it to 
his own cabinet, agreeably to the original def;gn of the 
Goldfmiths* Company of Edinburgh, who prefented it to 
him, r.nd, at his requeft, confented that it ihould be tranf- 
ferred to rae — I do give and bequeath the fame to his Lord- 
fhip ; and, in cafe of his deceafe, to his heir, with my grate- 
ful thanks for the diftinguifiied honor of prefenting it to me, 
and more efpccially for the favourable fentiments with which 
he accompanied it. 

Item. To my Brother, Charles Wajlmigtm, I give and be- 
(^ueath the gold-headed Cane left me by Dr. Franklin, in his 
vrfiil. I add nothing to it, becaufe of the ample provilion I 
have made for his ilTue. To the acquaintances "Jind friends 
cf iuy juvenile years, Lawrence Wajhlngtony and Robert 
Wajhington, of Chotanck, I give my other two gold headed 
Canes, having my aims engraved on them ; and to each (as 
they will be ufeful where they live) I leave one of the Spy- 
gicifles, which conflituted part of ray equipage, during the 
kte war. To my Compatriot in arms ftnd old and intimate 

[ 5 1 ] 

Friend, Dr. Cra'k^ I give my Bureau (or, us the cabinet- 
makers call it, Tambour Secretary) and the circular Chair,, 
an appendage of my Study. • To Dr. David Sluarl I give 
my large SJiaving and DrelUng '^IVble, and ray Tele- 
Icope. To the Keverend,. now Brycm I^ord Fav-fax^ 1 
^ive a Bible, in three large folio volumes-, with notes — pre- 
fented to me by the Rt. Rev. Thomas JVlJjtjn^, Eiihuop ol 
Sodor and Ivlann. Ta Gene.ral JJe la Fayttte I gi«e a pair 
of finely wrought Steel Piitols, taken frcm the eneiriy 
in the revolutionary war. To ray Sii]:o;cG^inLav/, Han-^ 
nah IVajhlngton and Mildred IV-'Jl^'ington — -to- my friends 
Eleanor Stuarl, Hojinah l¥ajliin/Jc;!y,G^i Fiiirlieid=, and -£//«<«- 
haJj IVaJh'wgtrju of Hayfield, I gjve^ each., a Mourning Ring,; 
of the Vcilue of one hundred ' dollars.. Thcie bequefts are 
not made for the intrinlic value of tlieai-, bui as. mementos. 
of nty efteero and regard. To Tobias i give the ufe 
of the farm which he now holds, in virtue of a leafe from 
me to him and iiis deceaied wife (for and during their nat- 
ural lives) free from, rent during his life ; at the expiration 
of which, it is to be dilpofed cf as is herein after dire^fted. 
To Sally B. Haynie (a diihnt relation of mine) I give and 
bequeath three hundred Dollars. To Sarah Gretriy daugh- 
ter of the deceafcd Thomas Bljhop^ and to Ann Walker^ 
daughter of John Altouy alfo deceafed, I give each on<2 hun- 
dred Dollars, in ccnfideration of the attachment of their 
fathers to me j each of whom having lived nearly forty years 
in my family. To each of my Nephews, William Augujitne 
WaJhingtcTiy George Feivis, George Steptoe IVaJhington^ Bufh- 
rod Washington, and Samuel Washington, I give one of the 
Swords or Cutteaux, of which I may die poffelTed : and 

they are to choofe in the order they are named. Thefe 

fwords are accompanied with an injunction not to unfheath 
them for the purpofe of ihedding blood, except it be for 
felf-defence, or in defence of their country and its rights ; 
and in the latter cafe, to keep them uniheathed, and prefer 
falling with them in their hands to the relinquilliment 

And now, having gone through thefe fpecific Devifes, 
whh explanations for the more correct underftanding of the 
meaning and defign of them, I proceed to the diftnbution 
of the more important parts of my Efi-ate, in manner follow- 
ing : 

Firjl^ To rny Nephew, Bujhrod Wajkington^ and his 

C 12 ] 

-heirs, (partly in confideration of an intimation to his de- 
ceafed Father, while we were Bachelors, and he had kind- 
ly undertaken to fuperintend ray eftate during my military 
fervices, in the former war between Great Britain and 
France, that if I fhould fall therein, Mount Vernon, (then lefs 
extenftve in domain than at prefent) fliould become his 
property, 1 give and bequeath all that part thereof, which 
is comprehended within the following limjt&, viz. — Be- 
ginning at the ford of Dogue Run, near my Mill, and ex- 
tending along the road, and bounded thereby, as it now goes, 
and ever has gone fince my recollection of it, to the ford of 
Little Hunting Creek, at the Gum Spring, until it comes to> 
a knowl, oppofite to an old road which formerly pafTed 
through the lower field of Muddy-Hole Farm ; at which^ 
on the north fide of the faid road, are three red or Spanifh 
caks, marked as a corner* and a ftone placed — thence by a 
line of trees, to be marked re<f^angular, to the back line or 
cuter boundary of the trad between Thomfon Mafon and 
ciyfelf — thence with that line eafterly (now double ditching, 
with a poft and rail fence thereon) to the run of Little 
Hunting Creek — thence V/ith that run, v/hlch is the boun- 
dary between the lands of the late Humphry Peahe and me, 
to the tide water of the faid Creek — thence by that water 
to Potomack River — thence with the river to the mouth of 
Dogue Creek — and thence with the faid Dogue Creek to 
the place of beginning at the aforefaid ford, containing up- 
wards of four thoufand acres, be the fame more or lefs, to- 
gether with the Manfion Houfe, and all other buildings and 
improvements thereon. S-econd — In confideration of the 
confanguinity between them and my Wife, being as nearly 
related to her as to myfelf; as, on account of the affe<5lion 
I had for, and the obligation I was uader to, their father 
when living, who from his youth had attached himfelf to 
my perfon, and followed my fortunes through the vicifli- 
tudes of the late Revolution, afterwards devoting his time to 
the fuperintendence of my private concerns for many years, 
whilft: my public employments rendered It impra<51icable for 
me to do it myfelf, thereby affording; rae effential fervices, 
and always performing them in a manner the mofl filial and 
refpeclful : for thefe reafons, I fay, I give and bequeath to 
George Fayette Wajhhigton, and JLaiurence Aitgvjline Wnjlo- 
ingtotif and their heirs, my eftate eaft of Little Hunting 

C 13 ] 


'reeky lying on the mer Potoma<:k, including the farm of 
three hundred and fixty acres, leafed to Tobias Lear,zs no- 
ticed before, and containing in the whole, by deed, two thou- 
fand and twenty-feven acres, be it more or lefs ; which faid 
eflate, it is my will and defire fiiould be equitably and advan- 
tageoufly divided between them, according to c[uantity, qual- 
ity, and other circumftances, when the voungeft lliail have ar- 
rived at the age of twenty-one years, by three judicious and 
- <iifinterell:ed men ; one to be chofen by each of the brothers^ 
and the third by thefe two. In the mean time, if the ter- 
mination of my Wife's intcreft therein fiiould have ceafed, 
the profits arilin^ therefrom are to be applied for their joint 
tifes and benefit. Third — And luhereas it has always been 
my intention, fince my expedlatien of having iflue has ceaf- 
ed, to confider the. grand children of my Wife in the fame 
light as I do my own relations, and to a<5l a friendly part 
by them, more efpecially by the tv/o whom we have raifed 
from their earlieft infancy, namely, Eleanor Park Cujlis, and 
George Wqfhingion Park Cvjlis^ and whereas the former of 
thefe hath lately intermarried with Laivrence Lewis, a fon 
' of my deceafed filler, Betty Leivis, by v/hich union the in- 
ducement to provide for them both has been increafed — 
Wherefore, I give and bequeath to the faid Lawrence Le'wls^ 
snd Eleanor Park Lewis his wife, and their heirs, the refidue 
' of my Mount Vernon eilate, not -already devifed to my 
, Nephew, Bujhrod JVafiingtan, comprehended within the 
; following defcription, viz. all the land north of the road 
: leading from the ford of Dogue Run to the Gum Spring, 
. as defcribed in the devife of the other part of the tra<ft, to 
Bufirod Wajlnngion, until it comes to the flone and three 
red or Spaniih oaks on the knowl, thence with the reflangu- 
iar line to'the back line (between Mr. M4:/c>n and me) 
thence with that line w^llerly along the new double ditch 
toBogue Rm! , by the tumbling d^m of my Mill, thence 
with the faid run t© the ford aforementioned : To v/hich I 
add, ?11 the land I pofTef? weCc of the faid Dogae Run and 
Dogue Creek, bounded eafterly and foutherly thereby ; to- 
gethe-^ witij tliemiil, dutillery.'and all other houfes and im- 
prove-neats on the pre ^nifes, making together about two 
thoufand acr^s, be it more or lefs. Fourth^ — Aduated by 
the principle already mentioned, I give and bequeath- 1® 
George lV:i/hington Park Cufis, the grandfon of jny Wii^ 

C 14 ] 

and my ward, and to his heirs, the tra<5l I hold on Four 
Mile Run, in the vicinity of Alexandria, containing one 
thoufand two lundred acres, more or lefs, and my entire 
fquare. No. 21, in the city of Wafhington. Fifth — All 
the reft and refidue of my eftate, real and perfonal, not dif- 
pofed of in manner aforefaid, in v/hatfoever confilHng, 
wherefoever lying, and whenfoever found, a fchedule of 
which, as far as is recoUefted, with a reafonable eftimate of 
its value, is hereunto annexed, I defire may be fold by my 
Executors, at fuch times, in fuch manner, and on fuch cred- 
its, (if an equal, valid and fatisfadory diftribution of the 
fpeciiic property cannot be made without) as in their judg- 
ment fhall be moft conducive to the intereft of the parties 
concerned ; and the monies arifmg therefrom to be divided 
into twenty-three equal parts, and applied as follow, viz. 
To U^illiam Augiijl'ine IVaJhwgton, Elizabeth Spctf'wood, 'Jane 
*Thorntcn, and the heirs of jinn JJhton, fons and daughters 
of my deceafed Brother, Angujl'ine Wajlnngton, I give and be- 
queath four parts ; that is, one part to each of them. To 
Fielding Letvis, George Lenvis, Robert Le^wis^ Honvell Z,e<wisf 
and Betty Carter^ fons and daughters of my deceafed fifter, 
JSetfy Leiuisi I give and bequeath five other parts ; one to 
each of them. To George Slept oe Wafhington , Larivrence 
Augujline Wajhington, Harriott Parks, and the heirs of 
Thornton WcJJoirgtony fons and daughters of my deceafed 
brother, Samuel iVaJlmigton, I give and bequeath other four 
parts ; one to each of them. To Corbin JVaJl:ington, and 
the heirs of Jane Wajhington, fon and daughter of my de- 
ceafed Brother, John Augifjline Wajhington, I give and be- 
queath two parts ; one part to each of them. To Samuel 
WaJIiington, Frances Ball, and Mildred Hammond, fon and 
daughters of my Brother, Charles Wajloington, I give and 
bequeath three parts ; one part to each of them : and to 
George Fayette Wajfoington, Charles Avgufline Wajhirgton, 
and Maria Wajhingtcn, fons and daughters of my deceafed 
Nephew, George Augujline Wajloington, I give one other part ; 
that is, to each a third of that part. To Elizabeth Park 
Lanv, Martha Park Peters, and Eleanor Park Leivis, I give 
and bequeath three other parts, that is, a part to each of them. 
And to my Nephew, BuJl:irod IVaJloingtot: and Lawrence Lew- 
is, and to my ward, the grandfon of my Wife, I give and be- 
queath one other part, that is, a third thereof to each of 

C '5 ] 

ihem. And if it fliouid fo happen, that any of the perfons 
whofe names are here enumerated (unknown to me) fhould 
now be dead, or fliould die before me, that in either of thefe 
cafes, the heirs of fiich dcceafed perfon (hall, notwithiland- 
ing, derive all the benefits of the bequeil in the fame man- 
ner, as if he or flis was adtually living at the time. And 
by way of advice, I recommend it to my Executors not to 
be precipitate of difpofing of the la . led property (herein, 
direded to be fold) if from temporary caufes, the fale there- 
of fhould be dull ; experience having fully evinced, that the 
price of land, (efpecially above the falls of the river, and on 
the weftern waters) have been progreflively riling, and can- 
not be long checked in its increafing value* And I par- 
ticularly recommend it to fuch of the Legatees ( under this 
claufe of my will) as can make it convenient, to take each 
a fnare of my ftock in the Potomack Corrtpany, in preference 
to the amount of what it might fell for ; being thoroughly 
convinced myfelf, that no ufes to which the money can bii 
applied, will be fo productive as the tolls arifing from this 
navigation when in full operation, (and thus, from the na- 
ture of things, it mud be, ere long) and more efpecially if 
that of the Shenandoah is added thereto. 

The family vault at Mount Vernon requiring repairs, and 
being improperly fituated befides, I defire, that a new one 
of brick, and upon a larger fcale, may be built at the foot of 
what is commonly called the Vineyard Inclofure, on the 
ground which is marked out : in which my remains, with 
thofe of my deceafed relations, (now in the old vault) and 
fuch others of my family as may choofe to be entombed 
there, may be depofited. And it is my exprefs defire, that 
my corpfe may be interred in a private manner, without pa- 
rade or funeral oration. 

Lq/lly, I conflhute and appoint my dearly beloved Wife, 
Mariha Wajhlngion^ my Nephew, WiU'iam Augujl'ine Wajh- 
ingtoriy Bvjlorod Wajloington^ George Skpioe Wajiyuigton, Sam- 
uel JVaJJjington, and Laivrtnce Le-ivis, and my ward, George 
Wajhlngton Park Cujlis, (when he fhall have arrived at the 
age of twenty one years) Executrix and Executors of this 
Will and Teflament : in the conflruftion of which it will be 
readily perceived that no profeiHonal charafter has been 
confalted, or has had any agency in the draught ; and that 
although it has occupied many of my leifure hours to digefl, 

C i6 ] 

and to thro\y it into its prefent form, it may, notwitliftand-:''" 
ing, appear crude and incorreft ; but, having endeavoured tc 
be plain and explicit in ail the devifes, even at the expenfe 
©f prolixity, perhaps of tautology, I hope and trull that no 
difputcs v/ill arife concerning them. But if, contrary to ex- 
petlation, the cafe fnould be otherv/ife, from the want o^ 
legal expreffions, or the ufual technical terms, or becaufe 
too much or too liitlahas been faid on any- of the devifes 
to be confjnant with law, my will and direction exprefsly 
is, that all difputes, (if unhappily any ftiouldarife) fhall be 
decided by three inipanial and intelligent men, known for . 
their probity and good underltanding ; tv/o to be chofen 
by the disputants, each having the choice of one, and the 
third by tliofe tv/o — which three men, thus chofen, fhall, 
unftttercd by law, or legal conftrudions, declare their fenfe 
of the Teilator's intention ; and fuch decifion is, to all in- 
tents and purpofes, to be as binding on the parties as if it 
bad been given in the Supreme Court of the United States. ■- 

In iL'ilnefs of all and of each of the things herein contalnedf . 
/ have ftt my hand and feaU this ninth day of yulyy itk . 
the year One Thoufand Seven Hundred and Ninety,*^ 
and of the IndfJ)enden£e of the United St^tGSf the tiven-- 
ty fourth. 

» It appears the Tford, •♦ iV<W," was omitted by the Teftatof^ 


^SCHEDULE of FROFERTY' comprehen.^e J in f^je 
foregoing WILL, whii/j is direBed to hs fold ; and fame of 
It conditionally is fold : nvith defcriptive and explanatory: 
Notes relative thereto,- 

In Virginia. 

Acres. Prices. Dollars, 

Loudoua County, Difficult RuT!, 300 i)^//^. 6,666« 
Loudoun & -Fauairier, A Paby's Bent, 2481 10 24^,^iQ\h^ 

Cliattin's Run,'885 8 7»o8oj;. 

3erkly, South: Fork of Bullfldn, ^ 1 600 
Head of Evans's M* 453' 

In Wormley's line, , 183  

2236 20 44,720^ 

Frederick, bought from Mercer, 3^71' 25 11,420^ 

Hamplliire, on Potomack R. above B. 240 15 3,606 <f 
Gloucefler, on North River, 400 about 3,600/ 

Nanfemond, near Suffolk, one 7 _ o qSao- 

thirdof I119 acres, j ^'^ '> ^^ 

Great Di^fmal Sv/amp, my div-l ^^^^^ 20,000/. 

idend thereotj j 

Ohio River, round bottom, 5-87 

Little Kenhawa, 2314 

16 miles lower down, 2448 

Oppofite Big Bent^ 4395 

9744 10 97,4402 
Great Kenhawa—- 

Near the mouth, wefl, 10990 

Eaft fide above, 7276 

Mouth of Cole River, 2000 

Oppofite thereto, 2950,7 
Burning Spring, 125,3. 

200,000 i'^ 

Charles County, 600 6 3,600 / 

Montgoa^ery County, 519 12 6,228 


Great Meadows, ^34 6. t,404»: 

[• i8 ] 

New York. 
Mohawk River, about 

Acres. Prices. Dollars. 

I COO 6 6,000 # 

North West Territory. 
On Little Miami, ' B39 

Ditto, 977 

Ditto, _ 1235 

3051 5 i5>25i/ 

Rough Creek, 

Ditto, adjoining, 




LOTS, viz. 

City of Washingtok. 
Two near the Capitol Square, 634, 

coft 963 dolls, and with buildings. 
No. 5, £2, 13, and 14, the lad three, wa-"! 
ter lots, on the Eaftern Branch, in ( 
fquare 667, containing together 34458 C 
fcjuare feet, at 12 cents, J 

Corner of Pitt and Prince flreets, half an 
acie laid out into buildings, 3 or 4 
which are let on ground rent a 
dollars per foot, 

A lot in the town, of half an acre, and"). 
another on the commons, of about 6 ^ 
acres, fuppofed, j 

Bath or Warm Springs. 
Two well fituated and handfome build- 
ings, to the amount of ^150, 


United States 6'per cents. 

Diito, deferred, 1B73 


Ditto, 3 per cents. 29463 2500 



2 10,000 y 

1 5,000 r 


4,000 / 

4,000 u 

800 1 


[ 19 ] 

Potomack Company, 24 Shares, co{l| 
^100 fterling, 3 

James River Company, $ Shares, each 7 
cod 100 dollars, S 

Bank of Columbia, 17G Shares, 40 dol- 
lars each. 

Bank of Alexandria-— befides 20 in the 

free fchool, 5 


' Dollars, 

10,666 oc 


6,800 "J 

S,000 J 



One covering horfe, 5 carriage horfes, 4 
riding horfes, 6 brood mares, 20 working 
horfes and mares, 2 covering jacks, and 3 
young ones, 10 (he affes, 42 working mules, 
1 5 younger ones, 329 head of horned cat- 
tle, 640 head of fheep, and a large flock 
of hogs, the precife number unknown. 
^ My manager has eftimated this live 
{lock at ;^70oo ; but I fhall fet it down, 
in order to make round fum, at 


Aggregate Amount, Dolls. 530,000 


fl THIS tra<51, for the fize of it, is valuable, more for 
its fituation, than the quality of its foil ; though that is 
good for farming, with a confiderable proportion of ground 
that might very eafily be improved into meadow. It lies 
on the great road from the city of Wafliington, Alexandria 
and Georgetown, to Leefburgh and Winchefter. At Dif- 
ficult Bridge, nineteen miles from Alexandria, lefs from 
the city of Georgetov/n, and not more than three" from Ma- 
tildaville, at the Great Falls of Potomack, there Is a valuable 
feat on the premifes, and tlie whole is conditionally fold, 
for the fum annexed in the fchedule. 

b What the felling prices of lands, in the vicinity of thefe 
two tra6ls, are, I know not ; but, compared with thofe 
above the ridge, and others below them, the value annexed 
will appear moderate ; a lefs one would not obtain thent 
from me. 

L 20 3 

c The furrounding land, not fuperior in foil, fituation, or 
properties of any fort, fell currently at from twenty to thir* 
ty dollars an acre. The loweft price is affixed to thefe. 

d The obfervations, nade in the laft note,. apply equally 
to this tra3 ; being in the vicinity of them, and of fimilar 
^quality, although it lies in another .county. 

e This tradt, though fmall, is extremely valuable. It 
lies on Potomack River, about 12 miles above^the town of 
Bath (or Warm Springs) and is in the fhape of a horfe- 
fhoe ; the river running almofl around it. Two hundred 
acres of it is rich low grounds, with a great abundance of 
the largeft and linefl: walnut trees ; which, with the produce 
of the foil, might, (by means of the improved navigation of 
the Potomack) be brought to a fliipping port, with more 
eafe, and at a fmaller expenfe, than that which is tranf^ 
ported 30 miles only, by land. 

/ This tra<5l is of fecond rate Gloucefter low ground ; 
it has no improvements thereon, but lies on navigable wa- 
ter, abounding in lifh and oyflers. It wa-s received in pay- 
ment of a debt, (carrying intereft) and valued in the year 
1789, by an impartial gentleman, to _;^8oo. N. B. It has 
lately been fold, and there is due thereon a balance, equal 
to what is annexed in the fchedule, 

g Thefe 373 acres are the third part of aindivided purchafe 
•made by the deceafed Fielding Lewis, Thomas Walker, 
and niyfelf ; on fall convi(5lioH that they would become 
valuable. The land lies on the road from Suffolk to Nor- 
folk, touches, (if I am net mifraken) fome part of the navi- 
gable water of Nanfemond River ; the Rich Difmal 
Swamp is capable of great improvement j and from itsfitu- 
ation mud become extremely valuable. 

h This is an undivided Interefi, which I held in the 
Great Difmal Sv/amp Company, <;ontaining about .4000 
acres, with my part of Lhe Phmtation, and (lock thereon, 
belonging 10 the Company in the faid Swamp. 

i Thefe feveraltrads of land, are of the firil: quality, on 
the Ohio River, in the parts v/here they are fituated ; being 
slmofr, if not altogether, river bottoms. The fmalktt of 
ihefe tra<it.>js afiuaily fold at ten dollars an acre, but the 
<:cnfidcration therefor not received. The reft are^qualiv val- 
-iiable, and fold as high ; clpecially that which .lie^ juft below 

E 2^ J 

the Little K^hawa, and Is oppofite to a thlcTc fettkmciit 
on the weft tide of the River. The four trafts have an ag- 
gregate breadth upon the river of fixteen miles, and 13 
bounded thereby that diftance. 

i Thefe trads are fituated on the Great Kenhawa River, 
and the firft four are bounded thereby for more than forty 
miles. It is acknowledged by all who have feen them, 
(andofthe traa containin-g 10,990 acres, which I have 
been on myfelf, I can alTert) that there is no richer or more 
valnabie land in all that region ; they are conditionally ioid 
for the fum mentioned in the fchedule, that is,- 200,000 
dollars; and if the terms of that fale are not complied 
with, they will command confiderably more. The -traa:, 
*of which the 125 acres is a moiety, was taken up by Gen- 
feral Andrew Lewis and myfelf, for, and on account of a 
bituminous fpring which it contains, of fo mflamniable a 
nature as to burn as freely as fpirits, and is as nearly difti- 
eult to extinguifh. 

/ I am but little acquainted with this land^ althougb I 
have once been on it. It was received, (many years hnce) 
in difcharge of a debt to me from Daniel Janiter Adams, at 
the value annexed thereto, and muft be worth more. It iS 
very level ; lies sear the river Potomack. 

m This tra(5l lies about 30 miles above the city of Wafh- 
ington, not far from Kittoaan. It is good farming land, 
and by thofe who are well acquainted with it, I am inform- 
ed that it would fell at twelve or fifteen dollars per acre. , 

• n This land is valuable on account of its local fituation, 
and other prooerties. It affords an exceeding good (land 
on Braddock's road, fi-om Fort Cumberland to Pittfturgh, 
and befides a fertile foil pofTefTes a large quantity of natural 
meadow, fit for the fcythe. It is diftinguifhed by the ap- 
pellation of the Great Meadows, where the hrft adion with 
the French in 1754 was fought. 

This is the moiety of about 2000 acres, which remains 

'unfold of 607 I acres, on the Mohawk river, (Montgomery 

county) in a patent granted to Darnel Qoxe, in the townfhip 

of Coxeborough and Carolinas, as will appear by deed fronj 

L 42 J 

Marinm WiVei and wife, to Gecyrge dinion, i^\i&^ Crorern* 
or of New York) and myfelf. The latter Tales have been 
at fix dollars an acre, and what remains unfold,, will fatclv 
that or more. 

p The quality of thefe lands and their fjtuatibns, may be 
icnown by the furveyors' certificates, which are filed along 
with the patents. They lie in the vicinity of Cincinnati \ 
one trad near the mouth of the Little Miami ; another 
feven, and the third ten miles up the famci I have been 
informed that ihey will command more than they are efti- 
<mated at, 

q For the defcription of thefe trails in detail, fee General 
^5^2'//woo^'j letters^ filed with the other papers relating to 
them. Befides the general -good quality of the land, there 
is a valuable bank of Iron Ore thereon, Which when the fet- 
tlement becomes more populous, (and fettlers are moving 
that way very faft) v/ili be found very valuable ; as he 
Rough Creek, a branch of Green River, affords ample wa- 
ter far iiirnaces and forges. 

LOTS, viz, 

Cjty of Washington. 
i* The two lots near the Capital in fquare 654, cod mc 
963 dollars only. But in this price I was favored, on- 
condition that 1 fhould buitd two brick houfes, three flories 
high Crtch ; without this redudiou, the felling prices of thofe 
k>rs would have cod me about 1350 dollars. Thefe lot.?,. 
With th^ buildings thereon, when eompieted, will ftand nie. 
in 15,000 dollars at leail:. 

s Lots No 5, 12, 13) and 14, on the EaHern branch,, 
are ad\.intag^.ju{ly fituated on the water, and although mr ' 
By lots, much lefs coDvenient, hnve fold a. great deal higher^ 
I Will rate thefe at 12 cents the fquare toot only. 


/ For this lot, though unimproved, I have refufed 35*00 
dollars. Tt has fincc ocen laid v^at into proper fized lots 
for building on ; three or four of which are let on ground 
rent *'oi evl r, at three doiiurs a foot on the (freet, and this- 
pnce iS ivlktd for bgth fronts on Pitt and Princeis ftreet*. 

I n 1 

a 'As neither ^t!ie lot in the town or cottimon h^^TC aiAy 
improvements on them, it is not eafy to fix a price ; but as 
both are well fituated, it is prefumed that the price annex- 
ed to them in the fchedule, is a reafonable valuation. ' 

V The lots in Bath, (two adjoining)coft me,. to the beft oF 
my recolledllon, between fifty and iixty pounds, 20 years 
ago ; and the buildings thereon, 150I. more. Whether 
property there has increafed or decreafed in its value, and 
in what condition tUe houfes are, I am Ignorant ; but fup- 
pofe they are not valued too high. 


w Thefe are the Turns which are aftually funded ; and 
•though no more in the aggregate than 7566 dollars, ftand 
me in at leaft ten thoufand pounds, Virginia money, being 
the amount of bonded and other debts, due to me,_and dif- 
charged during the war, when money had depreciated in 
that rate, o3=" and was fo fettled by public authority. 

X The value annexed to thefe (hares is what they have 
adually coft me, and is the price afExed by law ; and al- 
though the prefent felling price is under par, my advice to 
the Legatees, (for whufe benefit they are intended, ef- 
"pecially thofe who can afford to lie out of the money) is, 
that each fhouid take and hold one ; there being a moral 
certainty of a great and mcreafing profit, arifing from them 
in the courfe of a few years. 

y It is fuppofed that the (hares in the James River Com- 
'' pany muft be produdive. But of this I can give no decid- 
ed ODinionj I u- want of more accurate information. 

% Theft ctie the nominal prices of the Shares in the 
Banks of Alexandria and Columbia ; the felHng prices va- 
ry accoraiigto circuml'lances ; but as the (lock ufually di- 
vide from eignt to ten per cent, per annum, they muft be 
worth the formei, at lead, fo long as the B^nks are con- 
ceived to be fecure^ although from circumftances, they may 
foraetimes be below it. 

L 24 J 

The value of the live ftock depends more upon the quali- 
ty than quantity of the different fpecies of it, and this again 
upon the demand and judgment, or fancy of purchafers. 

Mount Vernon^, ^th July, 1799. 

VIRGINIA, Fairfax, j^ 

/George Deneale, Clerk o/" Fairfax County Court, 
do hereby certify ^ that the foregoing copy of the laji Will 
cndTeflamentof GEORGE WASHINGTON, J^- 
ceafsd^ late Prefident of the United States of America, 
nv'ith the Schedule annexed^ is a true copy from the original 
recorded in my ojfice. 

In Tefimony 'whereof I ha'ue hereunto fet my hand, this 2^d 
day of January y 1800. 

Clerk of Fairfax County y